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Housing insecurity and health — more than a social problem

By Jake Hochberg, VP, Analytics and Chief Analytics Officer at Arcadia and Mike Doane, Associate Director, Content at Arcadia
Health Equity and SDoH

It’s true: people who are housing insecure are often dealing with serious medical and behavioral health conditions. This graphic makes it clear that unhoused populations experience not only a significantly higher prevalence of chronic illness, but also an increase in costs of care.

Jacob Hochberg on housing insecurity and health

There’s a handwritten sign that keeps popping up near my house. It says, “Purchase Diabetes Test Strips.” It got me thinking. There’s likely an underground market for these test strips. If someone receives these through their insurance for free and they can’t afford rent, they could probably sell them — and likely would sell them.

I started to ask myself: does housing insecurity lead to poor health, or is chronic illness a cause of housing insecurity? It’s probably a combination. There are some people, for example, who may be bankrupted by their medical conditions and become homeless. They’re so sick, they can’t work. Because they can’t work, they can’t access good health insurance or afford healthcare.

On the flipside, lack of housing creates poor living conditions. These conditions could cause or aggravate chronic illness. Exposure to the elements, poor hygiene, lack of access to healthcare services, and self-medication through drugs and alcohol. All factors at play in an individual’s health.

The graphic above makes one thing clear: housing insecurity is a problem healthcare needs to tackle. Unhoused populations experience not only a significantly higher prevalence of chronic illness, but also an increase in costs of care. It’s a huge burden on individuals, the healthcare system, and society at large. It’s worth investing in solutions.

It’s going to take coordination between housing and healthcare. Solving one without the other is unlikely to work. Data can make that happen.

—Jacob Hochberg, Executive Director, Customer Insights

News you can use: Let’s put data to work to solve emerging challenges in healthcare

From Arcadia: Our latest insights into social determinants of health

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