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Medicare ACO performance: Risk, enrollment size, cost and savings for 392 ACOs

By Luke Shulman and Nick Stepro
Posted:
Healthcare Analytics Accountable Care Value-Based Care
Medicare ACO performance 2017

Risk scoring underpins many value-based payment programs. In the CMS Shared Savings Program, risk adjustment is critical to the fair calculation of the savings rate and, ultimately, the success of the ACO.

In this graph, the artist seeks to identify the relationship of risk-scoring to other factors such as cost, size and access. The most successful ACOs, judged by their earned savings rate adjusted by a quality modifier, are noticeably clustered in the top 30% of identified risk, and are also the highest-ranked for per-capita costs and per-capital outpatient utilization.

The bubbles, representing ACOs, are arranged by decile corresponding to the relative aggregate risk score of their populations. Vertically, the bubbles are arranged in order by cost per member. The sizes of their relative populations are represented by bubble size, while the color of each bubble reflects the per-member visit volume relative to the group, from blue (lowest) to red (highest).

Do more visits simply generate more coding leading to higher risk scores? Or do riskier populations need more services and the risk score is accurately smoothing performance? The graph doesn’t explicitly provide an answer. However, MSSPs have the data to accurately predict where they might land.

MSSPs receive fully-identified claims files that Arcadia uses to identify missed opportunities for improved risk scores based on clinical data. By highlighting these discrepancies, MSSPs see a more accurate representation of their population, as well as help care teams stay up-to-date on patient condition history.

Explore a deeper analysis of this data visualization.

Details

Excel, D3.js SVG, with Illustrator
Data sourced from 2015 CMS ACO Public Use File
Updated from previous year with latest CMS ACO performance data